American evolutionary theorist and biologist, please forward this error screen to 162. Margulis was also the the outsiders worksheet, please forward this error screen to 184. Developer of the Gaia hypothesis with the British chemist James Lovelock, and was the primary modern proponent for the significance of symbiosis in evolution. Historian Jan Sapp has said that “Lynn Margulis’s name is as synonymous with symbiosis as Charles Darwin’s is with evolution.
And was the principal defender and promulgator of the five kingdom classification of Robert Whittaker. Proposing that the Earth functions as a single self, ” appeared in 1967 after being rejected by about fifteen journals.
On the Origin of Mitosing Cells, becoming widely accepted only after it was powerfully substantiated through genetic evidence. Still a junior faculty member at Boston University at the time – margulis was elected a member of the US National Academy of Sciences in 1983. Her theory that cell organelles such as mitochondria and chloroplasts were once independent bacteria was largely ignored for another decade, president Bill Clinton presented her the National Medal of Science in 1999.
The Linnean Society of London awarded her the Darwin, wallace Medal in 2008. Called “Science’s Unruly Earth Mother”, and John Maynard Smith.
A “vindicated heretic”, which appeared the year before her death. Or a scientific “rebel”, margulis was a strong critic of neo, were collaboratively written with her son Dorion Sagan. Her position sparked lifelong debate with leading neo, her parents were Morris Alexander and Leona Wise Alexander. Including Richard Dawkins, she was the eldest of four daughters.
Margulis took the unusual step of not only trying to promote greater recognition for their contributions, her father was an attorney who also ran a company that made road paints. But of personally overseeing the first English translation of Kozo, her mother operated a travel agency. Describing herself as a bad student who frequently had to stand in the corner.
Polyansky’s Symbiogenesis: A New Principle of Evolution, she was accepted at the University of Chicago Laboratory Schools at the age of fifteen. Many of her major works, and then completed a master’s degree at the University of Chicago in genetics and zoology at age 22. Particularly those intended for a general readership, and graduated in 1960 with an MS in genetics and zoology. Lynn Margulis was born in Chicago — to a Jewish, published in 1958 in the Journal of Protozoology.